Ursa Minor (the Smaller Bear). Ursa Minor is almost entirely represented
by its major asterism, the Little Dipper, which starts at Polaris (the
North Star) near left center and then swings down and to the right.
Polaris is very close to the North Celestial Pole, around which the
stars of the northern hemisphere appear to circulate as a result of the
rotation of the Earth. The
two brightest stars at lower right represent the front of the bowl of
the Little Dipper, and are sometimes called the "Guardians of the Pole."
The upper one is Kochab, the lower one Pherkad.
Most of the Little Dipper (including Yildun, the second star in
from the end of the handle, un-named Epsilon, the third star in, Alifa al
Farkadain, where the bowl
joins the handle, and Anwar al Farkadain, below Alifa) is too faint to
see from town. Much fainter Lambda lies roughly between Yildun and Polaris.
The stars right next to Polaris and Yildun are HR 286 and 24 UMi, while
2 UMi (actually in
Cepheus) is at the left edge to the
left of Polaris. HR 1107 Cephei is up and to the right of 2 Cep;
OV Cephei is above and slightly to the right of Polaris. Between
Polaris and 2 UMi find HR 306 Cep, which lies above and to the right
of equally faint HR 8938 Cep. A line from HR 306 through Polaris points
at HR 4686 UMi.